Fourwing Saltbush is an evergreen or deciduous shrub, depending on climate and one of the most widely distributed and important native shrubs on range lands of the western United States from the Pacific Coast to the Missouri River, from Mexico to southern Alberta. The many-branched stems are stout with whitish bark. The mature plants range from 1 to 8 ft in height, depending on ecotype, the soil, and climate with leaves ½ to 2 inches long and a root system that can reach depths of up to 20 ft when soil depth allows. It is highly palatable for most livestock and big game, primarily in the winter and an excellent season long brows for deer, bighorn sheep, antelope and a good food source and excellent cover for upland birds, rabbits, songbirds and small mammals.
Use Fourwing Saltbush as a vegetative barrier and revegetation for disturbed areas and erosion control. It is often used extensively for reclamation of disturbed sites. It is well adapted to most soils but is best suited to deep, well drained and loamy to sandy/gravely soils and tolerant of saline. It is extremely drought tolerant and has fair shade tolerance and is most commonly in salt-desert scrub communities int he desert areas of western North America at sea level up to 8,000 ft. elevation, in areas that receive 8 – 14 inches of annual precipitation.
Plant 1/2 inch deep on fine soils or 3/4 inch deep in coarse, gravely soils. Seeding rate: 1/4 – 1/2 pls pounds per acre in a rangeland seeding mixture (3-7%).
Height: 1-8 feet
Type: Perennial Shrub
Rate: .25- .5 pls pounds per acre if included in a mix.